Judo and Brazilian jiu-jitsu (or BJJ) come from jujitsu The Avengers Amstaffvengers shirt (AKA ‘jujutsu’, ‘jiu-jitsu’, ‘Japanese Jujitsu’, etc.). The word jujitsu means “gentle art”; “Ju” means gentle, and “Jitsu” means art (or skill). Japanese jujitsu is actually a collection of different styles of hand-t0-hand and blade combat used by the samurai on the battlefield, where grappling techniques (throws, joint locks, chokes) are more effective against an armored opponent than punches and kicks. Also, there are many eye-gouging and “dirty-fighting” techniques meant to incapacitate an opponent before killing them. Then, around the 1900s, many Kano students traveled the world and taught his judo (which was still called jujitsu). Some of them landed in Brazil, most famously Mitsuyo Maeda, who taught the Gracie children.
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His two most well-known students, The Avengers Amstaffvengers shirt Carlos and Helio, again refined the techniques of Kano’s judo, focusing on ground-fighting (chokes, joint locks, and reversals, or sweeps). Their philosophy is focused on two main tenets. Technically it could be called Brazilian Judo, but the name judo hadn’t caught on until many years later and by then, BJJ blossomed into its own art form. It also became a sport much like judo, and eventually spread to the rest of the world due to the UFC. You’ll also hear it called Gracie Jiu-Jitsu, due to the Gracies’ unquestionable influence on martial art.